Like any living being, wine has a life curve with distinct phases. This curve takes the form of an inverted bell and reaches its maximum after a few months or years, depending on the wine in question. From that moment on, the curve decays more or less rapidly until it is cancelled. It is the time when a wine is impossible to drink or is “vinegar”, according to popular language.
The duration of this curve depends, of course, on the type of wine and the characteristics of the vintage. There are wines in which this period is reached in months and immediately cease to be suitable for consumption while some large red wines can exceed 40 to 50 years.
In very specific cases, the great generous wines can even live in optimal conditions beyond one of the 100 years. Especially with a proper wine cooling unit.
The Duration In The Bottle According To The Types Of Wine
As for the optimal time of consumption of the wines, although it can vary according to numerous factors, some general rules can be established.
The rosé wines are to be drunk usually before. In fact, it is recommended that it be consumed during the year following its bottling, although certain rosés can last up to 2 years.
White wine enjoys more life than rosé wines, but less than red wines. However, there are differences between young whites and those who are aged in barrels. A young white is recommended to drink it between one year and two after bottling. A white barrel ageing can extend its optimal consumption time between three and five years.
In red wines, the moments of optimal consumption change between the young, ageing, reserve and large reserve. When buying red wine, you have to be very clear about what type we are at the level of ageing in the barrel.
The young red is recommended to consume two years before bottling. The ageing red can extend its optimal consumption between two and five years after bottling. For its part, the red reserve can enjoy guard times between six and ten years.
The red wine Grand Reserve is the one that has the greatest maturation time. The optimal moment of consumption can extend on average up to 15 years, although there are large reserves with high quality that can end up in an optimal state and even improve over the decades.
The sparkling wines with the passage of time are losing carbon dioxide. Therefore, it is recommended to consume them during the year, with a maximum period of two years in good condition.
For their part, generous wines vary greatly depending on the type. In the wines of Jerez, for the fine and the amontillado one year is recommended; for the smelly of 5 to 10 years and for the cream until 15 years. There are generous fortified wines that can endure much more of this time in the bottle.
The Correct Storage Of The Wine
The wine needs to be in optimal storage conditions to be preserved in an appropriate way. In the first place, it is vitally important that the cap has been filled optimally from the cellar without oxygen being introduced and without allowing it to enter through the cap itself, which must be of quality cork or other suitable material and, very important, airtight.
When it is stored, it is of paramount importance that the wine is maintained at an adequate temperature and above all constant. All this must be accompanied by the conservation of the bottles in a horizontal or inverted position.
In this way, we will ensure that the cork remains elastic and in contact with the wine. In this way, the amounts of oxygen that can penetrate the bottle can be considered void. At that time, we will be talking about a bottle of ageing in a reducing environment, which is appropriate.